Obesity is a complex metabolic disease that causes serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and other chronic diseases. While there is no one magic diet that can prevent these health problems, there are a number of effective strategies to help you control your weight.
Obesity is a complex metabolic disease
Obesity is a major contributor to metabolic syndrome, a cluster of risk factors that greatly increases the odds of a variety of serious ailments, from diabetes to heart disease. While obesity is a major health issue, there are a few things you can do to improve your health.
The best way to approach obesity is to identify your risk factors, which can then be mitigated through diet, behavioral counseling, and exercise. Aside from reducing your waist size, losing weight can also boost your HDL (“good”) cholesterol and reduce blood pressure. Those who have high blood pressure may be more susceptible to type 2 diabetes, which is associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome.
As obesity is becoming more common, it’s important to know what the big deal is and how to reduce your risks. This is especially true of people who have diabetes, which is associated with a much higher incidence of metabolic syndrome. Having both diabetes and obesity will increase your chances of developing type 2 diabetes, which can eventually lead to kidney failure and heart disease.
Self-control is not determined by genetics
Self-control is the capacity to suppress or modify impulses to meet expectations. It is an essential part of a healthy lifestyle and contributes to overall mental and physical health. Practicing self-control can strengthen this trait over time.
Research on genetic influences on self-control is nascent. Studies have shown that genes influence the trait, but the extent is not clear. Many studies have been conducted using self-reports, observations, and twins. The findings have been inconsistent.
Some studies have reported a strong influence of genetics on the trait, while other studies have shown only a weak effect. Researchers have found that the overall heritability of self-control is about 60 percent. This heritability is similar for boys and girls. However, individual differences are often quite different.
One of the earliest studies was performed by Goldsmith and colleagues. They studied self-control in 159 McGill University students. Participants completed a questionnaire. The questionnaire contained items about their executive function, which includes self-control.
Diet patterns protect against heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and other chronic conditions
Increasing evidence demonstrates the health benefits of dietary patterns, and promoting them can lead to the prevention and reversal of chronic diseases, particularly heart disease, stroke, diabetes and kidney disease. These diets are generally low in processed foods and refined grains, and are rich in healthy, fiber-rich fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, nuts and seeds.
In the United States, nearly half of deaths due to chronic disease are related to poor dietary habits. Heart disease, stroke, diabetes and other chronic conditions are the leading causes of death in America. The burden of these diseases is substantial. They are responsible for $3.8 trillion in annual healthcare costs, lost productivity and capital.
Dietary patterns can be beneficial in preventing and reversing chronic diseases, but there are some factors to consider when developing a plan. For example, reducing sodium intake can reduce the risk of heart disease by 20 percent. Also, avoid diets high in sugary beverages.
Studies on weight concerns and weight-control behaviour in young elite athletes
Studies on weight concerns and weight-control behaviour in young elite athletes have not been very extensive. This is a serious concern. Especially for adolescent athletes.
Many athletes seek to lose weight in order to improve their performance. The use of extreme weight-control behaviors may be linked to the development of eating disorders. These practices include excessive exercise, skipping meals, and using laxatives or diuretics. They also undermine nutritional status and pose significant health risks.
Adolescent athletes are at risk for EWCB. Among them, female athletes are more likely to engage in disordered eating than male athletes. Female athletes face additional pressure to change their appearance. Some parents may be complicit in these practices. Moreover, the cultural beliefs about sports performance and the sports performance culture may contribute to EWCB.