What Is Scale?


Scale is a term used to describe the size of an object or image in relation to another. It’s a fundamental concept to understand when drawing.

A scale can be used to weigh almost anything. It’s typically used in grams, ounces or pounds, but it can also be used to measure in karats or percentages.


Proportion is a mathematical term that represents a ratio of two quantities. It is related to fractions but different because proportions use part-to-whole comparisons while typical fractions and percentages involve part-to-part comparisons. For example, 4:6 is a ratio but not 2:3. Proportion is used in art to create various effects. For example, a larger statue may be displayed in a smaller room to create a sense of grandeur while a minuscule fertility sculpture could fit in the palm of your hand.

In filmmaking, scale and proportion are both important concepts to understand. They can be used in cinematography to manipulate the audience’s perception of size and space. For example, a filmmaker can use forced perspective to make a scene appear larger than life. This is a great way to give the audience a more immersive experience. Scale and proportion are often confused with each other, but they are very different. Proportion compares parts of an object to the whole, while scale is about comparing objects and elements.


The size of a model or representation of an object, as in its dimensions and relative size to a real-world entity. This concept is especially important for works of art displayed in museums, where the audience has a more heightened sense of perspective than in homes or other private spaces. Artworks of this nature require careful planning and consideration for their scale to maintain a cohesive aesthetic, while also keeping in mind the physical space in which they will be displayed.

Arii produced injection-molded kits in this scale of the Zentradi spacecraft from the science fiction anime series Macross. A popular scale for historical ships and naval wargaming models, as well as large fictional spacecraft used in role playing games. A common scale for miniature figurines in the 6 mm figure scale, commonly used in hobbyist miniature wargaming and tabletop strategy/skirmish wargames such as Fantasy Flight Games’ Star Wars: X-Wing Miniatures Game.

A common scale for American die-cast car models such as Matchbox and Hot Wheels, as well as children’s fashion dolls like Barbie and Dollfie and static display figures of anime characters. Also the standard scale for EFRA regulation off-road radio-controlled buggies.


A scale is important for determining the distance of an object from another. A scale is also used in graphs to represent data, which helps us analyze the relationship between two variables. The CSEC syllabus requires students to understand how to read a map scale and determine actual distances on the ground.

The unit of measurement for distance is the meter, which was defined by the French Academy of Sciences in 1791. The meter is the basis of the International System of Units, which is the world’s standardized measurement system.

The shape of the Earth’s surface causes map scale to vary throughout a map, but it can be adjusted for using various types of projection maps. For example, Tissot’s indicatrix can be used to show how the Lambert and Gall equal area projections vary their points of scale across the map. This variation is known as the scale factor. The simplest method for finding the map scale of a given map is to divide its area by the scale of a linear or graphic scale, such as a bar scale.


A scale can be as simple as a spring-loaded bathroom scale or as complex as the pit-and-girder monsters used to weigh train cars and tractor-trailers. In any case, a good scale needs to be accurate. Human lives (and piles of money) hang on the accuracy of these devices.

Most digital scales make their measurements based on an internal strain gauge. This is usually a thin piece of foil that conducts electricity and is sensitive to deformation. When weight is applied to a digital scale, the strain gauge bends or stretches slightly, and an electronic circuit interprets this change in resistance as a signal that translates into numbers indicating the weight of the object on the display.

This measurement process isn’t without its problems, though. Small changes in voltage can be influenced by electromagnetic interference from other electronics like cordless phones and radio waves, and static electricity can cause the reading to fluctuate. These influences are a big reason why most scales need to be kept away from other electrical devices and protected with anti-static wipes.

What Are Measures?


A measure is a countably additive set function that can take values in a non-negative set or infinity. Its generalizations (which include spectral measures and projection-valued measures) are useful in physics and functional analysis.

Measures are also used in music to denote specific units of musical duration. See the article on musical scales for more information.

Nominal Scales

Nominal scales are used for categorizing variables into labels. These labels don’t have any order, hierarchy, or convey a value. For example, if you were to ask your participants to rate their happiness, satisfaction or level of pain, you would use a nominal scale.

This scale also doesn’t have any arbitrary zero values (like the difference between Fahrenheit and Celsius temperatures), but rather allows you to compare data points that are equidistant from one another. You can perform statistical analyses like mean, median or mode on data recorded on this scale.

An ordinal scale also categorizes variables into categories, but in addition to its labeling properties, it also conveys the order of these values. This makes it easy to analyze data recorded on an ordinal scale using techniques like mean, median or mode. A sub-type of this scale includes two categories only such as a male/female category which is known as a dichotomous scale. This type of scale also doesn’t have any arbitrary or false zero values.

Categorical Scales

The level of a variable’s measurement scale dictates the statistical test type that should be used for it. There are four levels of measurement scales: nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio.

Nominal scales are qualitative and have no numerical value. They are associated with a list of categories that can be labeled, such as “country of birth” or “hair colour”. Nominal data has the advantage of being easy to collect and analyze but does not allow for calculations.

Ordinal scales name groups in a meaningful order (hot to cold, light to heavy, high to low). A Likert scale is an example of ordinal data. Interval scales are also able to record numerical values but they have the ability to calculate a difference between values, such as the differences between 30 and 10 Celsius or credit and SAT scores. In addition, interval scales have a true zero measurement that represents a lack of the characteristic, such as the absence of heat or the absence of weight.

Hierarchical Scales

Artists have long used scale to communicate hierarchical messages in their artwork. For instance, ancient Egyptian and medieval paintings portrayed pharaohs or gods at an exaggerated size relative to mortals in their compositions. Artists use this technique to convey spiritual or political power and authority, which is often symbolized by the relative height of a figure within the painting.

The most basic measure of data is the nominal scale, which consists of categorical or ordinal data. Interval scale is a subset of this scale and contains numeric values that can be ranked based on frequency of observations. Mode and median can be computed for interval data too.

In most cases, ecological patterns and processes have characteristic scales that are intrinsic to the phenomena of interest (Bloschl and Sivapalan 1995). These characteristic scales may be related in space or time or characterized as organizational or integrative levels within a hierarchy of entities or events. However, it is important to note that detectable characteristic scales are often tinted with observer subjectivity.

Descriptive Scales

Scales can be used in qualitative observational data to describe the qualities of points on a point set (called a vector). There are four scale types: nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio. Each has properties that determine how the scale should be analysed. These include identity, magnitude, equal intervals and a true zero. The temperature scale is an example of an interval scale.

Questionnaires with rating scales, Likert scales and other ranking questions are ordinal scales. They also have an order and the responses can be compared with each other.

Internal consistency of items is often used to measure unobservable concepts. A popular way to do this is by calculating Cronbach’s alpha, which measures how well the different responses are correlated with each other. This is particularly important when using ratings scales where the results can cluster around 1 or 5. The use of open-ended questions e.g. a comment box, can avoid this but requires careful analysis to extract meaningful insights.

The Difference Between Mass and Weight

mass measurement

Kids are naturally curious, so teaching them the difference between mass and weight is a great idea. It can be confusing, however, when many common objects are referred to by both terms.

For example, a person’s weight is the force of gravity on their body, but their mass is the number of atoms they contain.

What Is Mass?

Mass is a property of matter, and it measures the quantity of matter in an object. It’s the number of atoms and their density that give objects their mass, not their size or shape. This is why two objects of the same size can have different masses. It’s also why bricks are heavier than feathers, even though they have the same amount of matter.

Newton’s law of universal gravitation states that an object’s weight (w) is proportional to its mass (m), and that force equals mass times acceleration. So, if you push two objects with the same magnitude of force, the one with more mass will accelerate faster.

Weight is a vector quantity, and it changes depending on the object’s position on Earth, which is why you weigh less on the Moon than here on Earth. However, an object’s mass stays the same in space. This is why people sometimes confuse mass with weight. In fact, the word mass is related to a Christian church ceremony in which bread and wine are consumed.

What Instrument Is Used to Measure Mass?

There are several instruments that can be used to measure mass. The most common is a physical balance. This is a system of levers with scale pans on each side. The unknown mass is positioned over one of the scale pans and then standard masses are placed on the opposite side so that the pointer rests at zero when the lever is raised.

Another type of mass measuring instrument is a pan balance, which is very similar to the scales you would find in a grocery store. These instruments are inexpensive and easy to use. For more precise measurements, scientists prefer to use transducers that can measure liquid properties in a static state. These instruments send a signal to the processor, which makes further mass calculations and then displays the mass on the indicator.

Besides these instruments, it is also possible to measure mass directly by calculating the center of gravity and moment of inertia of an object using known quantities that have themselves been derived from instruments. For very large objects, such as stars, this is done indirectly by observing their gravitational interaction with other massive objects in space.

What Is Weight?

Many people confuse mass and weight, but they are not the same. Mass is an inertial property of matter, while weight is the force of gravity exerted on an object.

The formula for weight is W = mg, where m is the mass of the body and g is the acceleration due to gravity. Unlike the kilogram (kg), which is an SI unit, the kilogram-force and dyne are non-SI units of force.

A physical object’s weight varies depending on the location of the object. A 15-gram bird would have a different weight on the Moon than it does on Earth, because of the varying strength of gravity. In general, the heavier an object is, the greater its mass. A weighing scale indirectly measures mass, comparing an object to references such as reference objects or the International Prototype Kilogram kept at NIST. An ounce, for example, is a measure of an object’s weight. However, the term “weight” should be phased out and replaced with the more accurate term, “matter,” when referring to the property of matter.

What Is the Metric System?

The metric system is the measuring system used by most countries. Only Liberia, Myanmar and the United States don’t use the metric system. A meter is the unit of length, kilograms are the units of mass and degrees Celsius are the unit of temperature.

The development of the metric system began during the Age of Enlightenment when leaders in France realized how complicated their previous measuring system was. They streamlined it and based measurements on natural principles and the power of 10.

The basic units that form the metric system are known as base units because they represent fundamental orthogonal dimensions that correspond to how we perceive nature: one for space, another for time and finally, one for inertia and another for electricity or electromagnetism. Other perceptual quantities like area and volume were derived from these base units using logical relationships. They are also identified by a set of prefixes that relates them to the base units.

The Importance of Using the Correct Weighing Process

weighing process

Using the correct methods when weighing samples helps reduce error. Errors can be caused by environmental factors such as air currents, balance drift and thermal equilibrium between the test sample and the reference standards.

The substance being tested should always be added to a tared container rather than directly to the pan of the analytical balance. This helps prevent the substance from sticking to the weighing paper and producing an error in the reading.


Weighing solids and liquids is a common laboratory practice. It is used to measure ingredients for chemical reactions, determine yields, and ensure the proper proportions of solute and solvent in solutions. In addition, weighing is important for the safety and accuracy of chemical procedures.

Although the terms mass and weight are often used interchangeably, they are not the same. Mass is the quantitative measure of an object’s inertia in changing its speed or position upon application of a force, while weight is the result of an object’s gravitational attraction.

The best way to accurately measure mass is with a balance, also known as a beam balance or center of gravity balance. This instrument consists of a pivoted horizontal lever with arms of equal length – the beam – and a weighing pan suspended from each arm. The unknown mass is placed in one of the weighing pans, and standard masses are added to the other weighing pan until the beam comes into balance.


Weighing is used to determine the amount of substance needed for chemical reactions and other laboratory tasks. Good laboratory techniques and practices are important for obtaining accurate weight measurements. Errors can occur from a variety of sources, including balance drift, air currents, lack of thermal equilibrium, and manipulations of the instrument.

It is important to remember that mass and weight are not the same. In general, a more massive object will have greater weight than a less massive object. This is because a mass has inertia and, therefore, an inertial force acting on it. Weight, on the other hand, is a vector quantity and has direction as well.

When using a top loading balance, it is important to use a piece of weighing paper that is large enough to cover the entire pan surface. This prevents the sample from sticking to the weighing paper and causing inaccurate measurements. Additionally, it is important to use a spatula of an appropriate size when placing the sample in the pan.


Volume is the size of an object or substance in terms of length x width x height. It is usually measured in cubic units, though the British (customary) system uses barrels, bushels, gallons and pecks, and the International system commonly uses litres.

Measuring the volume of a solid is relatively simple. The object is placed inside a container that has an exact volume measurement, such as a graduated cylinder. Then, water is poured into the container until it reaches the same level as the object itself. The reading on the scale is then the object’s volume.

This method can’t be used for corrosive or oxidizing samples such as potassium permanganate K2MnO4 or metallic sodium, which react with water. These must be weighed in a sealed container to prevent chemical reactions. It’s also important to ensure that the weighing pan is clean and free of dust or other substances that can affect the readings on the balance.


The temperature of a material or space can be measured using modern scientific thermometers and scales. Temperature is a thermodynamic quantity representing the average microscopic kinetic energy of particles in a system. It is an intensive property, as opposed to volume and pressure, which are extensive properties.

A fine powder can generate a large static charge that must be eliminated before weighing. For this reason, a weighing funnel is usually preferred for these applications. The solid can also be weighed directly into preweighed or tared volumes of the appropriate size.

Vibration can cause the weighing system to drift or make false readings. To minimize this effect, the weighing system should be isolated from vibration sources and balanced on a rigid surface, if possible. Large temperature changes can cause the weighing vessel to expand or contract, which can result in an inaccurate weight measurement. To compensate for this, the weighing system should be installed with load cells and mounting hardware that can handle the expansion and contraction of the weighing vessel.

Weight Control Tips to Help You Lose Weight

Maintaining a healthy weight requires watching calories and eating the right foods. It’s also important to avoid weight cycling (losing and regaining weight multiple times), which increases the risk of health problems.

Some things can make it harder to control weight, such as stress, lack of sleep and some medications. These include antidepressants, steroids and some types of diabetes medication.

Get Enough Sleep

If you want to stay on track with your healthy eating plan, it is important to get enough sleep. A good night’s sleep is a natural energy booster and supports normal functioning of the appetite-regulating hormones leptin and ghrelin. Insufficient slumber can disrupt this balance, leading to increased hunger and decreased satiety. This can result in overeating, especially of ultra palatable foods that are high in calories and fat. Optimal sleep is also critical for maintaining healthy stress levels, and emotional and mental health.

The best way to ensure adequate sleep is to make it a priority by setting a regular bedtime and a consistent wakeup time each day, including weekends. Getting a full night of quality sleep may also be helped by creating a relaxing sleeping environment, and by avoiding large meals, caffeine and alcohol before going to bed.

Manage Stress

Stress, especially chronic, low-grade stress, can lead to weight problems, mainly because the body produces hormones that trigger cravings for highly palatable, high-calorie, high-fat foods. These foods raise cortisol levels, which can interfere with healthy metabolism and weight loss. Adding stress-reducing activities into your daily routine can help decrease the negative effects of chronic, low-grade stress on hormones and normalize metabolism and weight control. Psychotherapy, or cognitive behavioral therapy, is often helpful for treating stress-related weight issues and teaching coping skills to reduce cortisol. Adding these behaviors into your regular routine will also help you maintain a healthy lifestyle. You may even find yourself losing more weight.

What Is a Scale?


A scale is a method of measuring the size of an object. It can be used to make sure that things are proportional or to create emphasis in a drawing. A scale is also used to draw blueprints or plans for machinery, architecture and maps.

A number of studies reported significant losses of items during the scale development process. This is due to several factors, including sample characteristics and methods of item generation.

Weight Measurement

Weight measurement is a key concept in early learning to help children understand how objects are measured. By using non-standard units such as heavier and lighter, they can build an intuitive understanding of the parameters on which objects are measured.

Once the concept of weight is mastered, the students can progress to measuring objects using standard customary or metric units. The metric system uses mass units such as grams and kilograms (kg) to measure the amount of material that an object contains.

A balance is used to measure the force of gravity on an unknown object by comparing it with standard masses in scale pans, called lever-balance instruments. This allows for accurate measurements at any location on the Earth because variations in gravity will act equally on both the unknown object and the standard masses. When weighing your sample, remember that the mass of the container will also affect the measurement, so use the scale’s tare function to remove the weight of the container from the final measurement.


The ability of a measurement to produce consistent results. For example, a scale that displays different weights each time you step on it is not reliable. Measurements that are not reliable cannot be valid.

Reliability is an important part of a research study or measuring tool. Researchers can use several methods to evaluate reliability. These include test/retest, inter-rater and internal consistency.

To perform a test/retest reliability assessment, researchers administer an instrument twice to the same subjects and then calculate the correlation between the two measurements. This type of reliability is most appropriate for assessing a tool with a long list of questions that all relate to one underlying construct, such as a questionnaire or personality inventory.

Inter-rater reliability is the ability of observers or judges to agree on their ratings. For example, in Bandura’s Bobo doll experiment, observers should have a high agreement on how many acts of aggression they observed. This type of reliability is usually assessed using a statistic called kappa.


Whether a scale is checking the weight of bolts for an airplane chassis, measuring bags of chips and sweets or weighing precious granola bars, repeatability (also called reproducibility) is crucial. Without high repeatability, small mistakes could be multiplied and cause all sorts of problems.

Reproducibility is the closeness of output values for a measurement obtained by the same experimenter, method, tools and devices under the same conditions. In other words, a person who inspects the same part multiple times should be able to make the same decision (pass or fail) each time.

For some traits, it may be necessary to multiply specimens to obtain a more accurate estimate of repeatability. We found no significant interaction between measurement method and sex, tissue type or trait size, but remounting did significantly improve repeatability estimates for genitalic traits compared to single-mount measurements. This is important because smaller structures are harder to measure consistently and are more likely to show inflated repeatability estimates when measured only once.

What Are Measures?


A measurement is a quantity discovered by comparison with some known standard. Examples include length, weight, and time.

In mathematics, a measure is an important concept used in functional analysis and probability theory. Its generalizations, such as spectral measures and projection-valued measures, are used in quantum physics. These are called semifinite measures.


A unit is a definite magnitude of a physical quantity, defined by convention and used as the standard for all measurements of that kind of quantity. Any other measurement of that same quantity can be expressed as a multiple of the unit.

The units used in science are standardized to minimize confusion and error. Whenever possible, scientific results are communicated in standard units so that the data can be easily converted to other values.

For example, the metric unit for area is square meter (m2 or sq. m), which is the equivalent of an English unit called acre (qtr).

The metric system’s seven base units and 22 coherent derived units, with special names and symbols, form a coherent set of SI units. The system also has a set of prefixes, which are decimal powers of 10, that, when added to the name and symbol of a coherent unit, produce more non-coherent SI units. The metric system’s base units and coherent derived units rest on a set of seven defining constants: c, the speed of light; DnCs, the hyperfine transition frequency of cesium; h, the Planck constant; e, the elementary charge; k, the Boltzmann constant; and NA, the Avogadro constant.


Despite their best efforts, laboratory professionals cannot claim to be completely certain of the results produced by their tests. Uncertainty is a reality of all measurements and must be assessed on a regular basis.

A measurement’s uncertainty is the interval around the measured value within which that value is expected to lie if all of the experiment’s conditions are identical. In other words, uncertainty is the range of error associated with a measured value, and it depends on both the accuracy and precision of the measuring instrument used and the factors affecting those instruments.

Considering the importance of accurate measurements, businesses should understand the impact of uncertainty in their quality systems and be able to compare measurement results “apples to apples”. Uncertainty is a significant factor in making accurate decisions that minimize costs, risks and loss. It is essential to learn how to calculate and communicate uncertainty. For critical measurements this is especially important to ensure that the results can be trusted.


Scales may seem like a dry, theoretical music topic but they are an important part of any musician’s musical vocabulary. They give you a framework for creating melodies, hooks, basslines and solos that will sound good over most chord progressions in a given key. Scales also provide a solid foundation for improvising – notes from a particular scale always sound harmonious when played together.

Scales are typically a series of seven different pitches that are grouped together for a specific musical reason. The intervals between the notes in a scale are called scale steps and are usually a combination of tones and semitones. This allows for a variety of musical sounds, such as major, minor and chromatic scales. Pentatonic scales, which separate the octave into five steps and have a unique sound, are popular in blues, jazz and metal music. Other scales, such as whole tone and chromatic, can be used to create tension and surprise in a composition.

Data Connection

The data used to measure a variable must be reliable, usable, and collected using acceptable methods. The source(s) of data should be a primary factor in designing a measure’s specification. The measurement must be calculated over a wide range of time and space to ensure its validity, and its results must be compared to other measurements for consistency.

A multi-scale PCI is expected to benefit varied domains that demand place connectivity knowledge such as disease transmission modeling, transportation planning, evacuation simulation, and tourist prediction. However, there are limitations to the utility of such measures that should be considered.

When you create a new data connection, you can specify its name, JDBC URL, and, if necessary, parameter-based configuration on the Data Connections page. You can also modify the name, JDBC URL, and parameters of an existing data connection. The changes are reflected in the job design but do not affect the data connection object in the Repository until you compile the job and run it.

Mass Measurement

mass measurement

Mass is a physical property of matter that is related to its size and heaviness. An object’s mass can be determined by multiplying its volume and density.

Most scientists around the world use the metric system of measurement. This includes a set of derived units that are multiplied by powers of 10. The meter and kilogram are the fundamental base units in the metric system.

What is mass?

Mass is a quantity that measures the amount of matter contained in a particle or object. It is measured in kilograms, one of the seven base units of the International System of Units (SI).

In physics, an object’s mass determines its inertia, its resistance to acceleration, which can be determined by solving the equation F = ma where F is the force exerted on the body and m is its mass. The concept of mass is also sometimes confused with weight, which can be measured on a scale.

A physical object’s weight depends on the magnitude of gravitational force, which is different on every planet and even within a galaxy. This is because the Earth is an oblate spheroid rather than a perfect sphere, which means that objects at the North Pole experience more weight than those at the equator. However, the total mass of a person does not change regardless of the position on the Earth because that individual is still composed of the same atoms and particles.

What instrument is used to measure mass?

You can measure mass with many different instruments, but the one most commonly used in the laboratory is a balance. These are fairly expensive pieces of equipment and must be treated with great care. A simple balance has two scale pans – the unknown object is placed in one of these, and a standard object (such as a piece of fruit or iron) is placed on the other. The downward force of the standard object on the scale pan is counteracted by a downward force from the unknown object, and this gives the reading on the instrument.

Another way to measure mass is to use a spring scale, which compares the known reference mass with an unknown mass. These scales are less precise and will give different results when at a higher or lower altitude, as gravity affects the acceleration of the spring. A more sophisticated device, the SLAMMD, is used to determine the in-orbit mass of astronauts aboard the International Space Station. This rack-mounted apparatus uses Sir Isaac Newton’s Second Law of Motion, which states that force equals mass multiplied by acceleration.

What is the relationship between mass and weight?

People often use the words weight and mass interchangeably, but they are different measurements. An object’s weight depends on its location, while an object’s mass is a measurement of the matter it contains.

The SI base unit of mass is the kilogram, which was originally defined as the mass of one cubic centimeter of water at its melting point. However, because of the problems associated with using liquids, a solid prototype kilogram made from materials such as platinum-iridium allow is now used instead.

An object’s weight varies with its position on Earth because of the strength of gravity, but an object’s mass remains the same. You can measure an object’s weight with a balance, but you can also measure its mass by balancing it with another known amount of matter—such as a pineapple or a baseball bat. To weigh a pineapple, you might want to use a pan balance and to weigh a baseball bat, you might need a triple-beam or lever balance.

What is the relationship between mass and density?

While both mass and density are measurable quantities, they have very different properties. Mass implies the concentration of matter and is a measure of inertia, while density refers to the degree of compactness of matter.

A material’s density depends on the type of substance, but it can also vary with temperature. For example, air becomes denser when it cools.

In general, an object’s density increases as its volume increases. This is because there is less space between particles in a dense material than in a more empty one. The most common method for measuring an object’s mass is by placing it on a balance and reading its weight off of the scale. Unfortunately, this only works if the gravity and friction are the same on both sides of the balance. Fortunately, there are other ways to measure an object’s mass, such as using a density balance. In this case, the density of a substance is calculated by dividing its mass by its volume.

The Weighing Process

weighing process

Weighing is used to quantify the matter in various objects so that their properties can be measured and recorded. This is useful in a variety of fields such as medicine, transportation or industry.

When using direct weighing, the balance is zeroed (reads zero with nothing on the pan) and the substance to be weighed out is added. Subtraction of the two readings gives the mass of the substance.


For most laboratory applications analytical balance precision and accuracy are key. These include the formulation of chemicals, density determination, purity and quality assurance testing as well as solution preparation for chromatography.

Weighing of solids is usually done directly on the weighing pan of the balance by opening the chamber doors and placing a container with the weighed material on the weighing platform. Care must be taken to ensure that the container is clean and the tare button (often indicated by a red square) is pressed. The resulting mass is recorded on a piece of weighing paper and the difference in the readings is calculated.

The weighing process is more reliable if the balance is situated in a draft-free location on a solid bench and the temperature is controlled. It is also advisable to calibrate the balance regularly with the supplied calibration weights to maintain its accuracy. This is especially important for older balances. It is not a good idea to place a high-precision balance next to a heat source as this will interfere with its operation.


The calibration phase involves comparing the measurement instrument to an accurate standard. The purpose is to ensure that the measuring instrument provides measurements that match those of a reference standard over an extended period of time and under varying environmental conditions.

This can be achieved by establishing traceability to national standards (such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology in the US) or international standards maintained by private firms that offer metrology services. Traceability is also achieved by using a calibrated check weight that is weighed regularly and stored with the balance.

The calibration process is one of several ways a factory can reduce defect rates and increase quality. However, it is important to keep in mind that a company’s calibration strategy should not become more important than the actual production processes itself.


Many chemicals are corrosive and very fine powders may pick up static charge that causes the particles to fly off the balance pan during the weighing process. To prevent this, an antistatic device is used to dissipate the static charge.

This is especially important with analytical or top loading balances. In fact, chemical substances should NEVER be added directly to the weighing pan on these types of instruments. Instead they should be added to a tared container that holds the substance, such as a volumetric flask, beaker or conical flask. This process is called transferring the solid to the balance.

The weight of the empty tared container will then be subtracted from the mass reading on the display to give you just the mass of the chemical. The process is often simplified by taring the balance (setting it to zero) and then adding the weighing container plus the solid. This method is called weighing by difference.


Whether it’s an ingredient in a batch of food that will be sold or the tare weight recorded in a resident’s room, accurate measurement is essential in a variety of applications. Having the right balance and recording software is the key to providing reliable and consistent results.

For example, a volatile sample like white phosphorous needs to be kept in a confined space. Exposure to atmospheric changes such as temperature and wind pressure can change its chemical state and cause it to combust. In such cases, direct weighing is recommended as the safest option for measuring such substances.

Process weighing systems allow for pre-programmed set points to be entered into a balance, automating the weighing and reducing human error in the process. Additionally, a weighing system can record the weights of each container and provide a traceable audit trail to ensure that the correct tare vessel was used for each weighing event. This is particularly important in forensic laboratories, where the outcome of an analytical process can hinge on the accuracy of a weighing process and the resulting evidence can be challenged in court.

How to Control Weight With Healthy Eating and Regular Physical Activity

control weight

People who want to control weight should make a commitment to healthy eating and regular physical activity. This can help prevent “weight cycling” (losing and regaining weight) which may increase health risks.

Avoid fast food and processed foods, and focus on consuming healthy fats such as avocados, nuts, and seeds.

Eat a Healthy Diet

There is a lot of conflicting diet advice out there. However, studies show that eating a variety of healthful foods helps control weight, prevent disease, and boost your mood. When choosing food, look for nutrient-dense options such as whole grains, vegetables, fruits, lean proteins, and healthful fats. Avoid high-calorie, processed foods such as fried foods and sugary drinks. Eating healthy doesn’t have to be expensive or restrictive. You can find affordable, tasty foods at most grocery stores and restaurants.

Reduce Your Calories

Although some fad diets may promise fast weight loss, controlling your calories is the key to long-term success. Ultimately, weight control comes down to the amount of calories you consume versus the calories burned during physical activity. Cutting calories means avoiding high-calorie foods like muffins, chips and soda and replacing them with low-calorie options such as fruits, vegetables and lean proteins. Paying attention to portion sizes is also important. Larger portions are more likely to contain twice as many calories as smaller ones.

Eat a Balanced Diet with Healthy Fats

Eating a healthy diet is important to support your body’s functions. A balanced diet includes a variety of foods and should contain healthy fats. Healthful fats give your body energy, support cell function, help absorb some nutrients and create hormones. Unhealthy fats, such as those found in processed foods, may contribute to heart disease, high cholesterol levels and obesity.

A nutritionally balanced diet provides the body with all of the nutrients it needs, including carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, minerals and proteins. It also helps reduce the risk of many diseases, boosts immunity and promotes growth and development.

A healthy diet should include foods from each of the five food groups on a daily basis, in the recommended amounts. It should limit unhealthy fats, processed foods, saturated and trans fats, added salt and sugars. The diet should also include a variety of fruits, vegetables and lean meats. Avoid beverages that contain added sugars, such as sodas and sweetened coffee and tea.