Mass is a physical quantity that measures the amount of matter in an object. The standard unit for mass is the kilogram, but smaller objects are measured in grams.
When talking about mass with kids, try to use everyday objects and give them examples. This will help them better understand the concept.
Units of Mass
When it comes to mass measurement, there are many tools that can be used. One of the most common tools is a beam balance.
The unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI) is the kilogram. It is defined by the International Prototype of the Kilogram, a cylinder made of platinum-iridium alloy that is kept at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in Paris.
Another unit of mass is the gram. This is a very small unit that is not often used in everyday situations.
Other units of mass include the dalton, a unit of atomic mass that can be used to calculate the amount of matter in an atom. It is a very convenient and precise way to measure the mass of an atom.
Units of Weight
In mass measurement, units of weight are used to measure the amount of matter in an object. The most common unit of weight is a pound (lb).
Kilograms are also used to measure mass in the metric system. The gram is a 1/1000th of a kilogram, so there are 1000 grams in a kilo.
Weight is the amount of force exerted on a body by the force of gravity, which can be measured using the equation w = m*g where w is the acceleration of gravity due to the Earth’s spin axis and m is the mass. The SI unit of weight is the newton, which is equal to 1 kgm/s2 or kilometres per second squared.
Units of Length
In mass measurement, units of length are used to measure the size of a sample of matter. These include meter, decimeter, centimeter, and millimeter.
The metric system is a base 10 system, which means that each unit gets bigger or smaller by a power of 10. This is different from the U.S. customary system, where units get larger or smaller by a power of 3 or 16.
To simplify this process, the metric system adds prefixes to its basic units. These prefixes tell us how large or small a unit is, and they are used to perform basic conversions among metric units.
For example, a liter is one-tenth of a meter cubed; therefore, 1 liter is equal to 1,000 cm3. It is important to note that the same definition applies to the volume of liquids as it does to solids. Consequently, the liter and the gram are interchangeable. In this way, the metric system is much easier to use than the customary system.
Units of Time
There are several units of time used in mass measurement. They include the minute, hour, day, week, month and year. In addition, if we are looking at longer periods of time, multiple years such as a decade, century, millennium or mega-annum are commonly used.
Metric units of time, length and mass are very useful for physicists because they allow us to measure an enormous range of physical phenomena. For example, a meter is 100 times larger than a centimeter and a kilogram is 1,000 times heavier than a gram.
One of the important advantages of the metric system is that conversions between units within the system can be made by simply moving the decimal point. This makes it a lot easier to use metric units over large ranges of values.